Washington, DC (July 11, 1996) -- Any so-called "victims' rights" amendment to the Constitution would pose "grave dangers" to the Bill of Rights, a representative of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers told the House Judiciary Committee today. Elisabeth A. Semel, a prominent California lawyer and the organization's legislative committee co-chair, testified that such an attempt to "elevate" victims' rights to the same status as those of the accused effectively would write fundamental citizens' rights out of the Constitution.
"Sensitivity to the legitimate concerns of victims of crime does not require a constitutional amendment," Semel testified. "The Constitution is not the place for promises or entitlements from the government based on what is politically correct, such as those contained in H.J. 173 and H.J. 174 [the proposed victims' rights amendments]."
Semel noted that our system of government protects the rights of individuals and minorities from "mob rule," and that in today's climate of crime hysteria, a citizen accused of a crime is the "consummate minority."
"The accused often faces the power of the government alone save for his defense counsel, whose resources are almost always a minuscule fraction of those increasingly appropriated to the government. Infusing 'victims,' who already carry an enormous cache of popular will, with constitutional powers might overwhelm the counter-majoritarian check reflected in the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, to the advantage of mob rule."
Besides being a dangerous and unnecessary tampering with the Constitution, the NACDL maintains that the proposed amendment is frighteningly vague as to who is a crime victim or when a person attains "victim" status. Is the woman who shoots a man after he stalked and terrorized her relentlessly for months a "victim" or the man who got shot? asked Semel. Under the traditional American system of justice, can there even be a "victim" before a court determines whether a crime in fact was committed, the complainant was affected by the crime, and that the defendant is guilty of it?
"Criminal lawyers are fully supportive of legal reforms that would require law enforcement officers and prosecutors to treat crime victims with greater sensitivity and respect," Semel said. Rather than wasting limited tax dollars on a costly and probably dangerous constitutional amendment, Semel advised the committee that the American public would be better served by careful study of the costs and consequences of victims' rights reforms, and less drastic state and federal legislative alternatives.
"There is a real danger here of tying up the courts, and prosecutors as well, in a Gordian knot of prolonged proceedings and red tape, while the true purpose of fair and timely justice gets lost in the process."
NACDL President Robert Fogelnest, a criminal defense attorney in New York, agreed that the system could be fairer to crime victims, but emphasized that Congress is meddling in an area traditionally to the states under the federal constitution.
"There is room for improvement in the criminal justice system to make it more 'user friendly' to victims of crime, but such improvements are best left to state and local authorities," Fogelnest said. "Crime is a state issue, and the citizens of each state are quite capable of sorting out for themselves what, if any, improvements are required. Federal constitutional requirements like those proposed are a caricature of Congress' tendency to federalize everything in sight and then run on a 'states' rights' platform anyway," Fogelnest explained.
"The greatest good we can do for victims is to decrease their numbers. In short, we need a rational criminal justice policy and an effective crime prevention policy, not another press opportunity for politicians," he said.
Pattern Cross-Examination for DNA and Biological Evidence: A Trial Strategy Guide
NACDL’s Pattern Cross-Examination for DNA and Biological Evidence will assist criminal defense practitioners in scoring points when cross-examining forensic experts in cases involving DNA and biological evidence. This resource contains thousands of questions that will help defense lawyers cross-examine challenging witnesses without reinventing the wheel with each new case. It includes pattern questions that can be used to dominate prosecution DNA experts and level the playing field at trial.
Cross-Examination of the Analyst in Drug Prosecutions (2nd Ed.) By James M. Shellow
Now in its second edition with some new material, James M. Shellow’s book offers what its title promises: ways of thinking about cross-examining the forensic analysts in drug cases. But the book is so much more than that. It offers a look inside the mind of one of the finest cross-examiners and defense lawyers the United States has produced in the last seventy years. This small book can inspire and direct you in making big changes in the way you defend your clients and think about the entire project of trying any case.
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NACDL’s Drug Cases Resource Materials Collection is the sweeping culmination of every single article of written materials ever published from each installment of NACDL's annual "Defending Modern Drug Cases" seminar. Totaling over 12,000 pages, this vast collection includes 12+ years of motions, briefs, reports, outlines, transcripts, case citations, scholarly articles, powerpoints and other written commentaries. This collection provides trial strategies and tactics you can immediately apply to your current cases.
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Whether it is insanity, impairment, a disorder, or adolescent brain development; mental health and intellectual competence issues affect pretrial supervision, trial and sentencing, and your chances of successfully advocating for your impaired client. This training provides ideas and proven solutions to assist you in advocating for your client during trial, whether it be insanity defenses, jury selection, cross of expert witnesses, persuasion, or mitigation at sentencing.
NACDL Communications Department
The National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers is the preeminent organization advancing the mission of the criminal defense bar to ensure justice and due process for persons accused of crime or wrongdoing. A professional bar association founded in 1958, NACDL's many thousands of direct members in 28 countries – and 90 state, provincial and local affiliate organizations totaling up to 40,000 attorneys – include private criminal defense lawyers, public defenders, military defense counsel, law professors and judges committed to preserving fairness and promoting a rational and humane criminal legal system.